Doctor of Science, Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical School of the University of São Paulo (USP). He holds a postgraduate degree in virology from Baylor College of Medice (United States). He graduated in veterinary medicine from Federal Fluminense University (UFF) and in business administration from the Institute of Training and Development of Executives. He was president of Fiocruz from 1989 to 1990 and director of Bio-Manguinhos for two periods: from 1976 to 1989 and from 2001 to 2009. Elected one of the 20 largest international personalities in the field of vaccines. He was a regional advisor on vaccines for the Americas region by the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) and a member of the Executive Board of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (Gavi). He is a member of the Executive Committee of the Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers Network (DCVMN) and a WHO collaborator. He is a member of the Technical Committees of the Immunization Program of PAHO/WHO and the National Immunization Program (PNI). He is currently vice-president of biotechnology at the Brazilian Association of Industries of Fine Chemistry, Biotechnology and its Specialties (Abifina), as well as senior scientific advisor at Bio-Manguinhos/Fiocruz.